PHI-101: Introduction to Philosophy
An investigation of some of the fundamental issues in human existence—for example, human nature, the nature of reality, the good life, how and what we know, the existence of God(s), justice and freedom, and free will and determinism—through readings and discussions of seminal philosophical texts in western or non-western traditions. Credits: 3, Prereq: none.

PHI-105: Introduction to Ethics
Investigates major issues and theories in western or nonwestern moral thought. The adequacies of ethical theories such as egoism, utilitarianism, virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and duty ethics will be explored through discussions of topics such as those found in medicine, the media, the environment, social justice, education, gender relations, war, business and family life. Credits: 3, Prereq: none.

PHI-111: Basic Reasoning
Introduces both formal and informal aspects of reasoning and argument, including principles of deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, formal fallacies and critical thinking. Credits: 3, Prereq: none.

PHI-125: Native American Philosophy
Introduces some of the main philosophies of Native Americans. This course will include study of the histories and cultures of Native American groups with a focus on philosophical perspectives. This course will examine metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, social philosophy and philosophy of nature of various Native American philosophical traditions, and these views will be contrasted with a variety of western philosophical traditions. Credits: 3, Prereq: none.

PHI-126: Chinese Philosophies
Introduces some of the main philosophies of the Chinese tradition. This course will include study of the history and culture of China, especially during the Classical Period, with a focus on philosophical perspectives. The majority of time will be spent studying classical Chinese Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism and Legalism, with some emphasis on Chinese Buddhism and Neo-Confucianism. Credits: 3, Prereq: none.

PHI-130: Philosophy of Human Nature
Investigates some important theories of human nature through discussions of issues such as the mind-body problem, the nature of freedom, social contracts, the roles of nature and nurture, the meaning of life, happiness. Though the course will consider mainly philosophical texts, it may also include material from disciplines such as biology, literature, psychology and anthropology. Credits: 3, Prereq: none.

PHI-150: Social and Political Philosophy
Examines theories of society and the political state, such as paternalism, absolutism, theocracy, democracy, conservativism, liberalism, socialism, feminism and pluralism. Explores public values, such as justice, liberty and equality, as they apply to issues of state power, political obligation, property and class, race, ethnicity, gender/sexuality and the environment. Credits: 3, Prereq: PHI-101, PHI-105, PHI-111 or PHI-130.

PHI-160: Environmental Ethics
Examines contemporary environmental issues in light of traditional and contemporary ethical thought. Explores concerns such as species extinction, global climate change, ecosystemic degradation, animal rights, and unequal effects of environmental harm on humans. Ethical perspectives include duty ethics, utilitarianism, ethics of care, virtue ethics, deep ecology, ecological feminism, the land ethic and social ecology. Credits: 3, Prereq: none.