Row 1: Catawba is an American variety first introduced in the 1850’s. It is generally used to make a sweet white or rose dessert wine. Planted in spring 2007
Row 2: Niagara is a cross between the Concord and Cassady grapes first developed in Niagara, NY in 1868. It can be used in a variety of different (generally sweet) wine styles. Planted in spring 2006
Row 3: LaCrosse is a French/American hybrid developed from the Seyval grape by the famous (a least among us grape producers) Elmer Swenson in Wisconsin. It makes a nice dry to semi-dry white wine with fruity flavors. Planted in spring 2006.
Row 4: St. Pepin is another French/American hybrid developed from the Seyval grape by Elmer Swenson. Unlike most modern grapes it is a pistillate female and so needs to be planted next to male vines from a close sibling variety to achieve pollination. It produces a white wine with even more pronounced fruit flavors than those from LaCrosse. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 5: Seyval Blanc is a hybrid cross of Seibel 5656 and Seibel 4986. It produces a white wine with attractive grassy, hay and melon aromas. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 6: Marechal Foch was developed in Alsace, France. The grapes are used to make a variety of styles of wine, ranging from a light red wine similar to Beaujolais, to more extracted wines with intense dark "inky" purple color and unique varietal character. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 7: St. Croix is a red wine grape that is a very prolific producer. It is another French/American hybrid by Elmer Swenson released in 1983. The grapes are often made into a very robust dry red wine similar to a full bodied Burgundy. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 8: BlueBell was released in 1944. It has a dark blue skin with medium sized berries. It is very good for juice, jam and jellies. This variety is very productive and disease resistant. Planted in spring 2009.
Row 9: Okanagan Riesling is a misleading name because this cultivar has no genetic relationship to the German Riesling at all. In fact, the exact lineage of the variety is undetermined. However, that doesn’t stop it from producing a delightful fresh, fruity dry to semi-dry white wine. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 10: Frontenac is a red grape that was released by the University of Minnesota in 1996. It makes a dark dry red wine that has elderberry, cherry and perfumy notes. Frontenac can also be made into a port-style wine. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 11: Frontenac Gris is a grey-fruited sport of Frontenac used to make white wines. It’s growth characteristics are identical to Frontenac. However, the wine is quite different, featuring peach, apricot, pineapple and citrus aromas. Planted in Spring 2007.
Row 12: Marquette was developed by the University of Minnesota from a very complex cross of grapes that included Pinot Noir. It’s wines feature attractive deep red colors with desirable aromas of cherry, black pepper, spice and berry, with moderate tannin structure. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 13: Edelweiss is a very winter-hardy grape variety derived from crossing the Minnesota 78 and Ontario grapes. It was developed by Elmer Swenson in 1980 in cooperation with the University of Minnesota. It produces a dry or semi-dry white wine. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 14: LaCrescent was released by the University of Minnesota in 2002. The white wine has distinct apricot, citrus and pineapple aromas. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 15: GR-7 is another development from Cornell University’s Geneva Research Station. They couldn’t decide on a name so it remains Geneva Red #7. It is primarily used as a blending grape in dry red table wines. If it ever acquires a catchy name, it will surely be bottled on it’s own merits. Planted in spring 2007.
Row 16: Adelmiine was released in the late 1980's and was never named until Meeri Saario from Finland received permission and named it Adelmiine. This grape is very disease resistant and cold hardy to -30°F and produces a wine very much like a French Muscadet, which is great for pairing with rich seafood. The wine also displays a very good body with a light floral nose. Planted in spring 2009.